• 1. Prometheus, 1991 fire box with broom, dustpan, hammer and etched glass 27 x 8 x 9.25 inches

      Michael Oatman—Another Fine Mess

      1. Prometheus, 1991 fire box with broom, dustpan, hammer and etched glass 27 x 8 x 9.25 inches

    • 2. Herpes (Sphere), circa 1980 collage, re-mixed cooking magazine 11 x 8.5 inches

      Michael Oatman—Another Fine Mess

      2. Herpes (Sphere), circa 1980 collage, re-mixed cooking magazine 11 x 8.5 inches

    • 3. Long Division, 1984 collage on paper, artist-made frame 8 x 9.25 inches

      Michael Oatman—Another Fine Mess

      3. Long Division, 1984 collage on paper, artist-made frame 8 x 9.25 inches

    • 4. Incest, 1984 collage on paper 5.75 x 7.25 inches

      Michael Oatman—Another Fine Mess

      4. Incest, 1984 collage on paper 5.75 x 7.25 inches

    • 5. The Hero, 1985 collage on paper, artist-made frame 15 x 12.25 inches

      Michael Oatman—Another Fine Mess

      5. The Hero, 1985 collage on paper, artist-made frame 15 x 12.25 inches

    • 6. Untitled (Threatened Landscape), 1984 collage, staples on paper 9 x 11.25 inches

      Michael Oatman—Another Fine Mess

      6. Untitled (Threatened Landscape), 1984 collage, staples on paper 9 x 11.25 inches

    • 7. The Temperature of Fractions, 1984 collage on paper, artist-made frame 13.875 x 14.25 inches

      Michael Oatman—Another Fine Mess

      7. The Temperature of Fractions, 1984 collage on paper, artist-made frame 13.875 x 14.25 inches

    • 8. So Stories, 1984 Xerographic prints on historic paper 5.5 x 6.875 inches (collection of Cesare De

      Michael Oatman—Another Fine Mess

      8. So Stories, 1984 Xerographic prints on historic paper 5.5 x 6.875 inches (collection of Cesare De

    • 9. Average Yearly Rainfall, 1985 collage on paper, artist-made frame 10.375 x 9.75 inches, extension

      Michael Oatman—Another Fine Mess

      9. Average Yearly Rainfall, 1985 collage on paper, artist-made frame 10.375 x 9.75 inches, extension

    • 10. I Remember Bill Hudders and He Looked Like This, 1985 collage on paper, artist-made frame 9 x 7

      Michael Oatman—Another Fine Mess

      10. I Remember Bill Hudders and He Looked Like This, 1985 collage on paper, artist-made frame 9 x 7

    • 11. Jimmy is Flyin

      Michael Oatman—Another Fine Mess

      11. Jimmy is Flyin', 1984 (collaboration with Mark Sporzynski) cut and glued papers, colored pencil

    • 12. Safe, 1985 collage, colored pencil, carbon paper, typing, gouache, masking tape on paper 9.375 x

      Michael Oatman—Another Fine Mess

      12. Safe, 1985 collage, colored pencil, carbon paper, typing, gouache, masking tape on paper 9.375 x

    • 13. Civil War Mathematics, 1986-7 collage and erasing on paper 10.25 x 10 inches

      Michael Oatman—Another Fine Mess

      13. Civil War Mathematics, 1986-7 collage and erasing on paper 10.25 x 10 inches

    • 14. World We Live In, 1984 collage on paper, artist-made frame 11.75 x 8.625 inches

      Michael Oatman—Another Fine Mess

      14. World We Live In, 1984 collage on paper, artist-made frame 11.75 x 8.625 inches

    • 15. untitled (hand drawn collage components), 1987 collage and ink on found paper 9.625 x 15 inches

      Michael Oatman—Another Fine Mess

      15. untitled (hand drawn collage components), 1987 collage and ink on found paper 9.625 x 15 inches

    • 16. Small Building and Wrecking Tools, 1985 collage on paper 12.5 x 17.685 inches

      Michael Oatman—Another Fine Mess

      16. Small Building and Wrecking Tools, 1985 collage on paper 12.5 x 17.685 inches

    • 17. Untitled (Threatened Landscape), 1984 collage, staples, embossing on paper 9.25 x 11.25 inches

      Michael Oatman—Another Fine Mess

      17. Untitled (Threatened Landscape), 1984 collage, staples, embossing on paper 9.25 x 11.25 inches

    • 18. Kid Rat, 1983 collage, perforation on paper 11.375 x 8.125 inches

      Michael Oatman—Another Fine Mess

      18. Kid Rat, 1983 collage, perforation on paper 11.375 x 8.125 inches

    • 19. Untitled (Astronaut), 1983 collage, colored pencil on blueprint 8.75 x 7 inches

      Michael Oatman—Another Fine Mess

      19. Untitled (Astronaut), 1983 collage, colored pencil on blueprint 8.75 x 7 inches

    • 20. Immortals, 1999 (1 of a series of 10 collages) oil, acrylic, pencil, foil, ink, carbon toner, co

      Michael Oatman—Another Fine Mess

      20. Immortals, 1999 (1 of a series of 10 collages) oil, acrylic, pencil, foil, ink, carbon toner, co

    • 21. Today

      Michael Oatman—Another Fine Mess

      21. Today's Title-Chipped Bird in Box, 1985 carbon paper, gouache, pencil, typing, collage on paper

    • 22. Stained Glass for an Astronaut, 2010 historic book cuttings on found embossed lithograph, mounte

      Michael Oatman—Another Fine Mess

      22. Stained Glass for an Astronaut, 2010 historic book cuttings on found embossed lithograph, mounte

    • 22. Study for Stained Glass for an Astronaut, 2010 historic book cuttings on found embossed lithogra

      Michael Oatman—Another Fine Mess

      22. Study for Stained Glass for an Astronaut, 2010 historic book cuttings on found embossed lithogra

    • 23. Untitled (Target), 1986 collage on wallpaper 8.25 x 35.75 inches

      Michael Oatman—Another Fine Mess

      23. Untitled (Target), 1986 collage on wallpaper 8.25 x 35.75 inches

    • 24. Achilles Standard, 2001:2007.1

      Michael Oatman—Another Fine Mess

      24. Achilles Standard, 2001:2007.1

    • 24. Achilles Standard, 2001:2007

      Michael Oatman—Another Fine Mess

      24. Achilles Standard, 2001:2007

    • 25. Rebus, 1984 pencil on paper 6.675 x 9 inches

      Michael Oatman—Another Fine Mess

      25. Rebus, 1984 pencil on paper 6.675 x 9 inches

    • 26. Untitled (Title Plate 25. PIET MONDRIAN, Composition in White, Black, and Red. 1936. Cap’n Crunc

      Michael Oatman—Another Fine Mess

      26. Untitled (Title Plate 25. PIET MONDRIAN, Composition in White, Black, and Red. 1936. Cap’n Crunc

    • 27. Identikit Self-portrait by Detective D.F. Swann, Troy Police Department, Troy, N.Y. 1991, 1991 p

      Michael Oatman—Another Fine Mess

      27. Identikit Self-portrait by Detective D.F. Swann, Troy Police Department, Troy, N.Y. 1991, 1991 p

    • 28. Untitled (Unless), 2005 historic book cutting on found poster 27.5 x 35.5 inches (collection of

      Michael Oatman—Another Fine Mess

      28. Untitled (Unless), 2005 historic book cutting on found poster 27.5 x 35.5 inches (collection of

    • 29. The Peaceable Kingdom (Early Bird), 2008 historic book cuttings on paper 12 x 17 inches

      Michael Oatman—Another Fine Mess

      29. The Peaceable Kingdom (Early Bird), 2008 historic book cuttings on paper 12 x 17 inches

    • 30. Various Artzak Products including Heather Brand Lunch-eeze, Spray on Light, Spud Lite Cigarettes

      Michael Oatman—Another Fine Mess

      30. Various Artzak Products including Heather Brand Lunch-eeze, Spray on Light, Spud Lite Cigarettes

    • 30. Frost Jet Self-Froster (back).07

      Michael Oatman—Another Fine Mess

      30. Frost Jet Self-Froster (back).07

    • 30. Frost Jet Self-Froster 2.08

      Michael Oatman—Another Fine Mess

      30. Frost Jet Self-Froster 2.08

    • 30. Frost Jet Self-Froster.06

      Michael Oatman—Another Fine Mess

      30. Frost Jet Self-Froster.06

    • 30. Hath

      Michael Oatman—Another Fine Mess

      30. Hath'r Brand Lunch-Eeze.05

    • 30. Spud Lite (back).10

      Michael Oatman—Another Fine Mess

      30. Spud Lite (back).10

    • 30. Spud Lite.09

      Michael Oatman—Another Fine Mess

      30. Spud Lite.09

    • 30. Sunshine Nut (side).12

      Michael Oatman—Another Fine Mess

      30. Sunshine Nut (side).12

    • 30. Sunshine Nut 2.13

      Michael Oatman—Another Fine Mess

      30. Sunshine Nut 2.13

    • 30. Sunshine Nut 3.14

      Michael Oatman—Another Fine Mess

      30. Sunshine Nut 3.14

    • 30. Sunshine Nut.11

      Michael Oatman—Another Fine Mess

      30. Sunshine Nut.11

    • 31.-Weekend-Warriors-and-Sunday-Painters,-1991-historic-book-cuttings-on-paper,-sand-blasted-glass,-

      Michael Oatman—Another Fine Mess

      31.-Weekend-Warriors-and-Sunday-Painters,-1991-historic-book-cuttings-on-paper,-sand-blasted-glass,-

    • 32. AEIOU, 1983 lithograph on paper 15 x 10.75 inches

      Michael Oatman—Another Fine Mess

      32. AEIOU, 1983 lithograph on paper 15 x 10.75 inches

    • 33. Untitled (Burqa), circa 2003 historic book cuttings on paper 20 x 15.5 inches

      Michael Oatman—Another Fine Mess

      33. Untitled (Burqa), circa 2003 historic book cuttings on paper 20 x 15.5 inches

    • 34. AUF Souvenir Patch, 2010 (one of an edition of 100 embroidered patch on digitally printed paper

      Michael Oatman—Another Fine Mess

      34. AUF Souvenir Patch, 2010 (one of an edition of 100 embroidered patch on digitally printed paper

    • 35. Corvus Webley, 2007 historic book cuttings on paper 16 x 21 inches (collection of Cesare DeCredi

      Michael Oatman—Another Fine Mess

      35. Corvus Webley, 2007 historic book cuttings on paper 16 x 21 inches (collection of Cesare DeCredi

    • 36. Annals of the Former World, 2009 historic book cutting collage on paper treated with automotive

      Michael Oatman—Another Fine Mess

      36. Annals of the Former World, 2009 historic book cutting collage on paper treated with automotive

    • 36. Annals of the Former World, 2009 historic book cutting collage on paper treated with automotive

      Michael Oatman—Another Fine Mess

      36. Annals of the Former World, 2009 historic book cutting collage on paper treated with automotive

    • 37. There Will Be Time, 1993, collage mobile, case, grommets, lead sinker, spilt-shot, metal Trojan

      Michael Oatman—Another Fine Mess

      37. There Will Be Time, 1993, collage mobile, case, grommets, lead sinker, spilt-shot, metal Trojan

    • 38. Book of Stamps, 2008, Cabinet Books, New York, 2008, pp. 68-69, 10.5 x 16.75 inches (open)

      Michael Oatman—Another Fine Mess

      38. Book of Stamps, 2008, Cabinet Books, New York, 2008, pp. 68-69, 10.5 x 16.75 inches (open)

    • 39. untitled (assorted unique framed Xerographic and Diazo prints), 1984-85, Xerographic and Diazo p

      Michael Oatman—Another Fine Mess

      39. untitled (assorted unique framed Xerographic and Diazo prints), 1984-85, Xerographic and Diazo p

    • 40. The Alchemist, 1985

      Michael Oatman—Another Fine Mess

      40. The Alchemist, 1985

    • 41. The Glass Detective, 1992, Xerographic print on found paper, maps, decal, plastic spiral binding

      Michael Oatman—Another Fine Mess

      41. The Glass Detective, 1992, Xerographic print on found paper, maps, decal, plastic spiral binding

    • 42.-Ghost-Reader-(Hardy-Boys),-1997.0

      Michael Oatman—Another Fine Mess

      42.-Ghost-Reader-(Hardy-Boys),-1997.0

    • 43. So Stories, 1984, suite of seventeen engraving collages, Xerographic prints on historic paper, v

      Michael Oatman—Another Fine Mess

      43. So Stories, 1984, suite of seventeen engraving collages, Xerographic prints on historic paper, v

    • 44. Skins of the Saints, 1990

      Michael Oatman—Another Fine Mess

      44. Skins of the Saints, 1990

    • 45. Beautiful Moths, 2001

      Michael Oatman—Another Fine Mess

      45. Beautiful Moths, 2001

    • 46. Ten Words or Less (Other People’s Memories), 1991

      Michael Oatman—Another Fine Mess

      46. Ten Words or Less (Other People’s Memories), 1991

    • 47. Taken-1. The Photograph, 2. The Confession (Traveling Version), 2001 modified clipboard, paper,

      Michael Oatman—Another Fine Mess

      47. Taken-1. The Photograph, 2. The Confession (Traveling Version), 2001 modified clipboard, paper,

    • 48. War Years-The Body Rejects its Own Organs, 1990 oil, varnish and fiberglass resin on organza mou

      Michael Oatman—Another Fine Mess

      48. War Years-The Body Rejects its Own Organs, 1990 oil, varnish and fiberglass resin on organza mou

    • 49. The Invention of the Wheel and:or Fire, 2012 historic book cuttings on paper 13.625 x 19 inches

      Michael Oatman—Another Fine Mess

      49. The Invention of the Wheel and:or Fire, 2012 historic book cuttings on paper 13.625 x 19 inches

    • 50. Surgeries, 1991.a

      Michael Oatman—Another Fine Mess

      50. Surgeries, 1991.a

    • 50. Surgeries, 1991.b

      Michael Oatman—Another Fine Mess

      50. Surgeries, 1991.b

    • 51. A is for Dodo, 2005-present found images of Dodo birds, metallic frames, magnets, installation d

      Michael Oatman—Another Fine Mess

      51. A is for Dodo, 2005-present found images of Dodo birds, metallic frames, magnets, installation d

    • 52. Another Fine Mess, 2013.1

      Michael Oatman—Another Fine Mess

      52. Another Fine Mess, 2013.1

    • 52. Another Fine Mess, 2013

      Michael Oatman—Another Fine Mess

      52. Another Fine Mess, 2013

    • 53. Code of Arms, 2004 historic book cutting collage on inkjet printed archival paper; Pantone color

      Michael Oatman—Another Fine Mess

      53. Code of Arms, 2004 historic book cutting collage on inkjet printed archival paper; Pantone color

    • 54. Another Morning at the Institute (for Ken Warriner, 1928-2009), 2011 historic book cuttings on 1

      Michael Oatman—Another Fine Mess

      54. Another Morning at the Institute (for Ken Warriner, 1928-2009), 2011 historic book cuttings on 1

    • 55. Ten Years to the Day (for Richard Hamilton, 1922-2011), 2011 historic book cuttings on 1960s-era

      Michael Oatman—Another Fine Mess

      55. Ten Years to the Day (for Richard Hamilton, 1922-2011), 2011 historic book cuttings on 1960s-era

    • 56. A Boy’s History of the World in 27 Volumes, 1983 suite of 26 collages on paper 10 x 7 inches

      Michael Oatman—Another Fine Mess

      56. A Boy’s History of the World in 27 Volumes, 1983 suite of 26 collages on paper 10 x 7 inches

    • 58. c

      Michael Oatman—Another Fine Mess

      58. c

    • 57. Slipcovers

      Michael Oatman—Another Fine Mess

      57. Slipcovers

    • 59. The Wound Man, 1991 acrylic and bed matting on found vinyl headboard, vinyl wallpaper and wood f

      Michael Oatman—Another Fine Mess

      59. The Wound Man, 1991 acrylic and bed matting on found vinyl headboard, vinyl wallpaper and wood f

    • 60. Forest Freshn’r, 2011 (collaboration with Brian Kane) inkjet graphics on paper with rope, custom

      Michael Oatman—Another Fine Mess

      60. Forest Freshn’r, 2011 (collaboration with Brian Kane) inkjet graphics on paper with rope, custom

    • 60. Forest Freshn’r, 2011 (collaboration with Brian Kane) inkjet graphics on paper with rope, custom

      Michael Oatman—Another Fine Mess

      60. Forest Freshn’r, 2011 (collaboration with Brian Kane) inkjet graphics on paper with rope, custom

    • 58. a

      Michael Oatman—Another Fine Mess

      58. a

    • 58. b

      Michael Oatman—Another Fine Mess

      58. b

    • 61. The Branch (or, the Site of Our Complete Liberation), 2012

      Michael Oatman—Another Fine Mess

      61. The Branch (or, the Site of Our Complete Liberation), 2012

Michael Oatman—Another Fine Mess

Collage at 100 III/III
 
April 1 - June 16, 2013
 
Another Fine Mess examines celebrated contemporary artist Michael Oatman's encyclopedic approach to art making. Spanning three decades, the show assembles a selection of the artist's densely accumulative works, ranging from early pivotal pieces to his monumental collages, site-specific installation and recent work made for the final exhibition in the Collage at 100 series.


Collage at 100 III/III

April 1 - June 16, 2013


Michael Oatman—Another Fine Mess


One should never underestimate the power of books.[i]
Paul Auster, 2006
 
Deep down, I don’t believe it takes any special talent for a person to lift himself off the ground and hover in the air. We all have it in us—every man, woman, and child—and with enough hard work and concentration, every human being is capable of…the feat….You must learn to stop being yourself. That’s where it begins, and everything else follows from that. You must let yourself evaporate. Let your muscles go limp, breathe until you feel your soul pouring out of you, and then shut your eyes. That’s how it’s done. The emptiness inside your body grows lighter than the air around you. Little by little, you begin to weigh less than nothing. You shut your eyes; you spread your arms; you let yourself evaporate. And then, little by little, you lift yourself off the ground. Like so.[ii]
Paul Auster, 1995
 
If one looks at a thing with the intention of trying to discover what it means, one ends up no longer seeing the thing itself, but thinking of the question that has been raised. The mind sees in two different senses: (1) sees, as with the eyes; and (2) sees a question (no eyes).[iii]
René Magritte, 1933
 
Self-plagiarism is style.[iv]
Alfred Hitchcock, 1976
 
 
Michael Oatman—Another Fine Mess is the third and final show in the Collage at 100 series—a triptych of exhibitions honoring the centennial of the invention of fine art collage by the Cubist pioneers Pablo Picasso and Georges Braque. Highlighted with a solo show, and chosen for his representatively expansive approach and his intellectual eclecticism, Burlington, Vermont-born Michael Oatman is the quintessential collage artist. Another Fine Mess is a modest retrospective of the artist's highly refined and encyclopedic collage work. Spanning from the early 1980s to the present, it surveys his major approaches to collage while highlighting key works from his 30-plus years as an image and object maker. With more than 60 works on display, Another Fine Mess is the largest exhibition of the artist's work to date. He is known especially for his monumental collages and installations, and the Thompson Gallery is pleased to include a handful of his oversized collages and smaller site-specific installations—some of which were either created for or reconfigured specifically for this exhibition.
 
The first two shows in the Collage at 100 series set the stage for Another Fine Mess in a few important ways. They pointed out the evolutionary and expansive reach of collage's influence as a new machine for seeing[v] during its first century of development, illustrating how collage as a practice and attitude pervades all forms of creative expression. Likewise, collage has influenced everything Michael Oatman has made since his undergraduate days at the Rhode Island School of Design. The initial two exhibitions unequivocally demonstrated the need for the definition of the word "collage" to be expanded beyond the confines of physical glue—now, over 100 years since the invention of the form, contemporary practice has proven that strict associations between paper and glue as an exclusive material set are no longer mandatory. Oatman's continued contributions to the definition have verified the elasticity of collage; he is known for his "puzzle piece" collage method and his technological couplings. Viewers will find examples of artwork in Another Fine Mess that challenge the outmoded definition, alongside an abundance of works which keenly adhere to the traditional sense of the term. Additionally, the second exhibition, Strange Glue (Collage & Installation), established that installation art is a natural extension of collage's reach. As Oatman's term maximum collage attests, collage is easily pushed passed its limitations with flat paper to involve sculpture, architecture, space and time-based media. Another Fine Mess presents works both inside and outside the gallery space as examples of such a claim, including Oatman's ten-year installation at Mass MoCA, All Utopias Fell—of which the gallery organized a guided tour of, during the spring of 2013. Also, as pointed out in the accompanying essay to the first exhibition, Strange Glue (Traditional & Avant-garde Collage), the history of collage is the story of the decline of naturalism and the rise of fractured representation—naturalism promoted a single story or fixed point of view, whereas postmodern collage promotes multiple points of view, the simultaneity of multiple stories. Oatman often uses conventional approaches to depict objects and subjects, but also pushes past that limiting and often narrow conception[vi] (to borrow Peter Galassi's phrase) to invent his own visual universes.
 
Michael Oatman's collage practice fuses many roles into one: dowser, collector, detective, librarian, archivist, taxonomist, thinker, poet, architect, filmmaker, collaborator, provocateur; the list goes on. However, as an eclectic, second-generation, collage-based artist, Oatman's work has a distinct, easily identifiable look due to the ways he limits his source material. For the creation of his paper collages, the artist uses only book illustrations from the 1940s through the 1980s to form his imagery. Despite this self-imposed limitation, the artist opportunistically adapts his materials with great variety. It should be abundantly clear to anyone looking at the exhibited work that Oatman is a master collector, possessing great sensitivity and varied strategies for organizing any material. A key aspect of the artist's approach to collage is his boundless opportunism. As noted above, Oatman will utilize any and all technologies; he combines and blends them to great effect, often juxtaposing incongruent modalities and histories. Oatman's juxtapositions are filled with insights into the ideas he exhaustively explores. He does not limit his subject matter the way many contemporary artists limit the overall practice. Oatman allows his collections to drive the content of the work or he collects particular images in order to drive a particular content. It seems that any found material or technological advance can prompt his imagination. Indeed, many pieces exhibited were created simply because the artist contemplated the potential for a material or a technology to do something it was not intended to do. In this way, Oatman's creations may be thought of as nets for what-ifs, wherein he catches the potential of ideas. Curious viewers are rewarded for venturing into the realm of possibility when viewing Oatman's expansive art.
 
Oatman is fascinated by wordplay, puns and double meanings, mimicry, impossibility, and the absurd, and these concepts often co-mingle with an appreciation for the surreal. Though much of his current work has political overtones, there is a deep optimism that runs through all his work. Oatman is generous in his appreciation of art and culture. He often acknowledges or references particular works or individuals in his various projects, including himself and his own work. Understanding the art of Michael Oatman is greatly enhanced by underscoring the artist's deep appreciation of, and respect for, the art of Marcel Duchamp. Many works in the show pay homage not only to Duchamp, but also to Magritte, Hitchcock, Auster, and so many others. Oatman's vision is as much a product of his appropriations as it is of his own unique sense of the world we live in. Visitors will be drawn in by Oatman's references, his wit, his humor, and his ingenuity as a visual thinker. His various fascinations begin with working out his ideas on paper. Another Fine Mess is also the title of a site-specific installation, created for exhibition within CSW's scholastic setting. It offers viewers a rare opportunity to see the artist's mind at work via his drawings and plans for projects. Among this collection of the artist’s sketches and sources for his ideas, the attentive viewer will find many preliminary ideas for works that hang on the walls of the gallery, among many others not included in the show.
 
Michael Oatman's art is made with deceptively simple illustrations of everyday, recognizable materials. But they are anything but everyday images. Many artists utilize collage as a strategy. Some artists develop bodies of work that expand collage's applications. Few artists dedicate their artistic practice to the potentials of collage. Fewer still have made contributions to the genre by forging new possibilities. Michael Oatman distinguishes himself in each of these areas. He takes complex topics and simplifies them with his amalgams of book illustrations that exude the promise of hope as they entice and encourage viewers to sort out yet Another Fine Mess.
 
Todd Bartel
Director, Curator
The Thompson Gallery
 
 


[i]Paul Auster, The Brooklyn Follies, Picador USA, 2006, p. 304
[ii]Paul Auster, Mr Vertigo, Penguin Books USA, 1995, p. 278
[iii]René Magritte, cited in Humanist, Volume 84, Issues 1-6, Rationalist Press Association Ltd., January 1, 1969, p.176.
[iv]The Observer [London], (8 Aug. 1976)
[v]Florian Rodari, Collage: Pasted, Cut and Torn Papers, Skira and Rizzoli, New York, NY, 1988, p. 31.
[vi]Note: Renaissance perspective adopted vision as the sole basis for representation: every perspective picture represents its subject as it would be seen from a particular point of view at a particular moment. Measured against the accumulated options of prior pictorial art, this is a narrow conception. Peter Galassi, Before Photography: Painting and the Invention of Photography, The Museum of Modern Art, New York, NY, 1981, pp. 12-13.
 
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The Cambridge School of Weston is a progressive high school for day and boarding students in grades 9–12 and PG. CSW's mission is to provide a progressive education that emphasizes deep learning, meaningful relationships, and a dynamic program that inspires students to discover who they are and what their contribution is to their school, their community and the world.